International Organisation for Knowledge Economy and Enterprise Development
IKED - International Organisation for Knowledge Economy and Enterprise Development


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..:: Individual Digital Identity (INDI) Ecosystem Implementation Process Initiated

The project GINI-SA (Global Identity Networking of Individuals - Support Action), ran as an EU-funded research project and Support Acton from the spring 2010 until December 2012. Its main task has been to outline the vision of an Individual Digital Identity (INDI) ecosystem and to work out a Roadmap for its implementation.

Following acceptance by the European Commission of the final reporting of the research stage, the GINI project continues to operate based on a Collaboration Agreement signed between the eight partner organisations, with IKED as coordinator, for the purpose of paving the way for realisation of its results.

From the start, GINI has not been about what would be possible to achieve in the short term through marginal adjustments to our present state of affairs. Rather, GINI is about the long term direction, about what we should aspire for in order to put in place a framework for genuinely user-centric and user-friendly control of personal data and identity management in the digital world that is now resoundly under way.

GINI-SA shows the way towards a future in which individuals will have the ability to establish and manage their own INDI(s), linking them to verifiable and authoritative national data registries. They will be able to present their chosen, verified claimed identity to other parties with whom they wish to establish trust relationships in order to perform transactions for personal, business or official purposes.

A key building block of GINI-SA is an operator-based trust model (i.e. ‘brokered’ trust relationship) enabling trust to build between the INDI Users, Operators and Relying Parties. Operators will ensure that individuals have the ability to establish and manage an INDI and decide with whom they want to interact. The development of Operators, appropriately certified for offering choice to individuals, forms a key part of the required infrastructure.

From its inception, GINI-SA has consisted of a consortium of European partners. Apart from IKED, these include two departments at the Catholic University of Louvain (Belgium), namely the Department of Electrical Engineering research group (COSIC) and the Interdisciplinary Centre for Law and Information & Communication Technology (ICRI), Fraunhofer FOKUS in Berlin (Germany), the J.W. Goethe University in Frankfurt/Main (Germany), the Graz University of Technology (Austria), the independent non-governmental organisation Government to You ("Gov2U") based in Athens (Greece) as well as in Brussels (Belgium), and NorthID Oy, a Finnish company specialised in online authentication architectures. In framing GINI, IKED draws importantly on its experience of governance mechanisms in the Global Trust Center and associated policy analysis.

The various events at which IKED engaged in representing GINI-SA included, among others:  Building International Cooperation for Trustworthy ICT (BIC) workshop on System Security and Cyber-Defence, Amsterdam, on July 6 2011; its hosting a special parallel session back-to-back with the 2011 Global Forum,  which took place on November 8 at the Palais d’Egmont, Brussels; the GINI Session at the European Association for e-identity and Security (EEMA), in Biel, Switzerland, on March 28, 2012;  the GINI workshop at the Cyber Security & Privacy EU Forum, on April 24th-25th 2012 in Berlin; the presentation on Personal Data and Life Management Platforms at the European Identity and Cloud Conference (EIC 2012) organized by KuppingerCole in Munich on April 17-20; the session of identity management  organised by ITU/OISTE at the World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS), on May 16, 2012 (See: Workshop report); the SSEDIC International Identity Initiatives Conference (SIIIC), Paris, on June 11 2012; BIC Workshop on coordination of the cross domain activities in International Cooperation and Trustworthy ICT, on 21-22 of June 2012 in Brussels, and; the Annual Privacy Forum, 11-12 October 2012 in Limassol, organized by ENISA together with the Cypriot presidency of the European Union.

Since 2013, GINI has engaged in new initiatives to build further momentum for implementation of its conclusions and recommendations. Presentations were made at various events. In particular, GINI organised a panel session at Information Security Solutions Europe Conference (ISSE) in Brussels on October 23, 2013 and was (together with WISeKey and OISTE) co-organiser in Davos 2014 of the special event "Addressing Identity of People and Things, Privacy, Security and Trust on the Cloud", in connection with the World Economic Forum, on January 22nd 2014. This was further followed by the event on "The rise of Borderless Electronic Identities: Addressing Privacy, Security and Trust in the Post-Password Era", at the 2015 World Economic Forum.

National Smart Card and Data Governance Systems

The fundamental insights derived through the GINI project combine with other past and present activities undertaken by IKED over the years, including those pursued with the Global Trust Center. In addition, IKED associated experts bring additional expertise and experience of establishing from overseeing leading national Smart Card or Data Governance systems, for instance in Sweden, Estonia, Germany, Norway, the United States, Jordan and Oman. On this basis, IKED offers services to the preparations or development of new systems and solutions in this area, including in Africa, the Middle East and the Caribbean.

More on the GINI approach

In regard to substance, GINI's approach spans the technological, legal, regulatory and privacy-related dimensions of the gap between the current state of the art and the vision for an INDI ecosystem beyond 2020. The overall framework, presented in the Whitepaper and the Roadmap, includes a comprehensive strategy and action agenda for different stakeholders. It outlines how to realize a new kind of market space, capable of dynamically developing services for the handling and storage of identity data, guided by the proportionality and minimization principles, and so as to allow for user-centric solutions to identity management and privacy.

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